The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015 (CDM 2015) apply to construction work, but who exactly is responsible for complying with these regulations?
Every construction project, no matter how big or small, short or long, needs to comply with CDM.
But who on the project does CDM 2015 apply to?
The answer, more often than not, is everyone.
That’s right, it is not just down to the contractor, or the Principal Contractor, or the Principal Designer to comply with CDM. Nearly everyone involved in the project will have some duties under CDM 2015.
There are 5 main duty holders:
Initially, the first person CDM 2015 will apply to is the Client. That is before anyone else is even appointed.
Unless the Client is a domestic client* (having work done in their own home not connected to any business), they are responsible for appointing the Principal Contractor (or sole Contractor) and Principal Designer in writing.
*on domestic projects the appointment of the Principal Designer and Principal Contractor is usually automatic.
The Client is also responsible for notifying the HSE where the project is notifiable, and providing the pre-construction information.
Principal Designers have the overall responsibility of complying with CDM 2015 during the pre-construction phase, and ensuring that all Designers carry out their own CDM duties.
Principal Contractors are in overall control of the construction phase and are responsible for CDM duties on site, including the construction phase plan, inductions, welfare, and ensuring that contractors comply with CDM 2015.
And when we say CDM 2015 applies to everyone, workers also have duties under CDM 2015, to take care of their own health and safety and cooperate with other duty holders.