For an injury to be reportable under RIDDOR (Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations), it must satisfy several criteria.
Firstly, the accident causing the injury must be work related. In relation to RIDDOR, an accident is a separate, identifiable, unintended incident, which causes physical injury.
So, an injury or illness resulting in time off work in itself is not reportable unless there is an identifiable event that caused the injury, such as lifting a heavy object, or an object striking someone for example.
Once you have established a work related accident has resulted in an injury, there are then several types of reportable injuries under RIDDOR.
Where injuries are reportable, the HSE must be notified by the appropriate means, usually via the online form. In some cases, the report may be made via telephone.
Under RIDDOR, you must keep a record of any reportable injury, disease or dangerous occurrence.
These types of reportable injury or incident are:
All deaths to workers and non-workers arising from a work related accident, including acts of physical violence but excluding suicides.
Major injuries include fractures, amputations, serious burns, loss of consciousness amongst others, including any injuries requiring admittance to hospital for more than 24 hours.
Incidents resulting in a person being off work (or unable to perform their normal work duties) for more than 7 consecutive days.
Injuries to members of the public where they are taken from the scene of the accident to hospital to treat injuries. There is no need to report incidents where people are taken to hospital purely as a precaution when no injury is apparent.
Several types of dangerous occurrence require reporting in circumstances where the incident has the potential to cause injury or death, such as the collapse of lifting equipment or scaffolding, unintentional explosions, accidental release of hazardous substances or gas, accidental contact with overhead power lines etc.
Employers and self-employed people must report diagnoses of certain occupational diseases, where these are likely to have been caused or made worse by their work. Types of occupation diseases include occupational dermatitis, hand-arm vibration syndrome, occupational cancer etc.
For more information on RIDDOR, you can take our RIDDOR elearning course. On successful completion of the course, you can download a certificate for your training records.