The Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR) make the reporting of certain accidents a legal requirement. RIDDOR reportable injuries, deaths, diseases and certain other events must be reported (usually online) within specific timeframes.
But not all accidents must be reported. And it's not just injuries that need to be reported. Confused? Let's clear things up, and take a look at what's reportable under RIDDOR.
For an injury to be reportable under RIDDOR, it must satisfy certain criteria.
Firstly, the injury must be the result of a RIDDOR reportable accident. This means that the accident causing the injury must be work-related. Accidents outside of work are not reportable. In relation to RIDDOR, an accident is defined as a separate, identifiable, unintended incident, which causes physical injury.
So, an injury or illness resulting in time off work in itself is not reportable unless there is an identifiable event that caused the injury, for example lifting a heavy object, or an object striking someone.
Once you have established a work-related accident has resulted in an injury, there are then several types of reportable injuries under RIDDOR.
Where injuries are reportable, the HSE must be notified by the appropriate means, usually via the online form. In some cases, the report may be made via telephone. We cover how to report under RIDDOR in a separate post, but first, let's check what injuries are reportable.
This one is fairly straightforward. Fatalities at work are almost always going to be RIDDOR reportable.
6.—(1) Where any person dies as a result of a work-related accident, the responsible person must follow the reporting procedure.
All deaths to workers and non-workers arising from a work-related accident are reportable under RIDDOR. This also includes deaths that occur within one year following an accident at work, where this the cause of death.
For example, if someone hit their head at work, and this is sent to the hospital, this might be reported as a major injury. If they later die from their injury, then this would need to be reported again as a work-related fatality under RIDDOR.
Major injuries that happen at work are reportable under RIDDOR. The types of injuries include fractures, amputations, serious burns and loss of consciousness.
But how do you know exactly what is classed as a major injury? Well, RIDDOR includes a list of specified injuries that need to be reported as major injuries.
RIDDOR also requires 7-day injuries to be reported. This means that you need to report injuries resulting in a person being off work (or unable to perform their normal work duties) for more than 7 consecutive days.
(2) Where any person at work is incapacitated for routine work for more than seven consecutive days (excluding the day of the accident) because of an injury resulting from an accident arising out of or in connection with that work, the responsible person must send a report to the relevant enforcing authority in an approved manner as soon as practicable and in any event within 15 days of the accident.
You get a bit of extra time to report these types of injuries, as you are unlikely to know for sure until 7 days after the accident. However you should report as soon as possible, for example, if they get a doctors note earlier, or it's fairly obvious they will be off work for a while.
If a member of the public is injured as a result of your work activities, and they get taken to hospital for treatment, this needs to be reported under RIDDOR. It doesn't need to be a major injury, with members of the public, reporting requirements apply to any injury.
This only applies where there is an injury, and the person is taken to the hospital to treat that injury. There is no need to report incidents where people are taken to hospital purely as a precaution when no injury is apparent.
Now we have discovered the types of injuries that need to be reported. But RIDDOR covers more than just the reporting on injuries. We have only covered RIR so far. Let's look at what else needs to be reported under RIDDOR.
Certain diseases are also notifiable and must be reported under RIDDOR. Employers and self-employed people must report diagnoses of certain occupational diseases, where these are likely to have been caused or made worse by their work.
Reportable diseases under RIDDOR are listed in regulations 8 and 9 of the regulations. Types of occupation diseases include occupational dermatitis, hand-arm vibration syndrome, occupational cancer etc.
Several types of dangerous occurrence require reporting in circumstances where the incident has the potential to cause injury or death, such as the collapse of lifting equipment or scaffolding, unintentional explosions, accidental release of hazardous substances or gas, accidental contact with overhead power lines etc.
There are also some extra dangerous occurrences that need to be reported when working in a mine, quarry, railway and transport systems and offshore workplaces. Make sure you checkout schedule 2 of the RIDDOR regulations if this applies to you.
For more information on RIDDOR, you can take our RIDDOR eLearning course. On successful completion of the course, you can download a certificate for your training records.