You carry out inductions for your employees and workers on your construction site. But what about people that visit your site? Architects, surveyors, and others who may only visit on a one-off or infrequent basis. These visitors might only be on site for a short time.
We have discussed before how construction site inductions are a legal requirement. Every worker needs one. But what about people that aren't actually carrying out any construction work? Do they need to be inducted?
It's a duty of the principal contractor under the Construction (Design & Management) Regulations (CDM) to provide inductions. So we can have a look at their duties to get more of an idea.
(4) The principal contractor must ensure that—
- a suitable site induction is provided;
Ok, that doesn't really clear things up. It says an induction must be provided but doesn't say to who. It doesn't mention visitors or workers for that matter. Contractors also have a duty to provide inductions where not already provided by the principal contractor. But again, no specific mention of visitors.
At this point, you might be thinking you could get away with not providing an induction. But let's not be hasty. The purpose of a construction induction is to provide people with the information they need to stay safe on site. Anyone entering your site may need certain information so that they can stay safe. This could be especially important for visitors, who might not be familiar with the site, or construction sites in general.
It shall be the duty of every employer to conduct his undertaking in such a way as to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, that persons not in his employment who may be affected thereby are not thereby exposed to risks to their health or safety.
If a visitor is entering your site, they may need to know certain information to stay safe. For example, do they need to sign in? Are there any areas they need to stay away from? Who do they report to? What do they need to wear? Do they need any special equipment?
We can find more information on the requirements for providing inductions to visitors in the HSE published guidance managing health and safety in construction (L153).
Site inductions should also be provided to those who do not regularly work on the site, but who visit it on an occasional (eg architects) or once-only basis (eg students). The inductions should be proportionate to the nature of the visit.
This officially confirms that visitors do need to be provided with inductions. It makes sense if you think about it. Just because someone only visits the site once, doesn't make them at less risk. If anything, they could be at more risk.
If you are unfamiliar with the site, you don't know what to watch out for. You are less likely to know where to go. If you only visit once in a while, things have probably changed a lot since your last visit. You may feel disorientated. Students and other visitors that are young or inexperienced can be less health and safety aware. They might not fully understand risks or be able to spot hazards.
Providing an induction gives the site manager an opportunity to give the visitor the information they need to stay safe. It also gives them a chance to assess the capabilities of a visitor. Decide if they will need close supervision or escorting on the site. Check if they have the right equipment, or if they need to be provided with any. Like a safety helmet, hi-viz and suitable footwear.
What about if your visitor never leaves the site office? Like a cleaner? Or if they are escorted to where they need to go? Like a delivery driver? Surely you are not expected to give them a full induction?
No, you're not. Firstly because a full induction for someone who is only entering a low-risk area of the site, or will not be exposed to any serious hazards would not be "proportionate to the nature of the visit". Secondly, the guidance goes further to say that...
Inductions provided to escorted visitors need not have the detail that unescorted visitors should have. Escorted visitors only need to be made aware of the main hazards they may be exposed to and the control measures.
So, if you are planning to escort your visitor on site, at all times, they don't need as much information. Their induction can just cover the main hazards and control measures that will affect them on site. You can make sure they stay away from any other areas and keep a close eye on their safety.